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The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in South Korea : Visitor motivations and experiences

Nicole Rakel Martha Hudak (경희대학교 일반대학원)

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초록 moremore
Dark tourism visitation has grown and travelers are constantly searching for new experiences that include visitation to burial sites, ancient battlefields, and borderlands. The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is a fortified border in between South and North Korea and represents the end of the Korean War. A...
Dark tourism visitation has grown and travelers are constantly searching for new experiences that include visitation to burial sites, ancient battlefields, and borderlands. The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is a fortified border in between South and North Korea and represents the end of the Korean War. Although hostile battles have ended, the two countries are in ceasefire and separated as different nations. The DMZ has transformed into a tourism attraction that attracts international visitation. This study set out to offer an understanding of international visitation perceptions of the DMZ, as well as explored motivational factors for visiting, and what feelings the visitors exhibited while being by the border. Theories and previous academia such as dark tourism, motivation for visiting dark tourism attractions and theories on feelings and emotions in tourism settings served as a base to understand the phenomenon. By complementing an interpretive interview approach we got to understand the perceptions, motivations and feelings the visitors exhibited. This in turn strengthened tourism academia as well as guided operators within the industry. Some of the key findings in this study were that international visitors were motivated because of several attributes; these were categorised into heritage seeking, curiosity of the unknown and remembrance of the familiar. These attributes were both push and pull generated simultaneously. Also, while the visitors toured the attractions they exhibited feelings of sadness and sympathy and no particular feelings. The participants also had feelings that were bound to national and social aspects of their own heritage and history.
목차 moremore
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Problem statement and purpose of the study 1
1.2 Research questions 2
...
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Problem statement and purpose of the study 1
1.2 Research questions 2
1.3 Research goals 3
2. Literature Review 3
2.1 Korean War 4
2.1.1 Chinese motivation for intervening 5
2.1.2 The establishment of the DMZ 5
2.2 Border formation 6
2.3 Tourism in South Korea 9
2.3.1 Recent relations and tourism between South and North Korea 10
2.4 Dark Tourism 11
2.4.1 War tourism and battlefields 14
2.4.2 Borders as tourism attractions 15
2.4.3 DMZ as a war and borderline attraction 16
2.4.4 Attractions at the DMZ 18
2.5 Motivations, feelings and dark tourism experiences 19
2.5.1 Push Pull Theory and dark tourism attractions 21
2.5.2 Feelings and emotions in a tourism setting 23
2.5.3 Feelings and emotions a part of dark tourism experiences 24
3. Methodology 25
3.1 Sampling 26
3.2 Pilot study and interview design 27
3.3 Study participants 28
3.4 Interpretation of the data 30
4. Findings and Discussion 31
4.1 Expectations and motivations 32
4.1.1 Heritage seeking 34
4.1.2 Curiosity of the unknown 35
4.1.3 Remembrance of the familiar 36
4.2 Visit experience 38
4.2.1 Sadness and Sympathy 38
4.2.2 No particular feelings 39
4.2.3 Dark tourist 41
4.3 Post-visit opinions 42
5. Conclusion 43
5.1 Implications 45
5.2 Limitations and future research 46
References 48
Appendix 1: Semi-structured interview guide 53
Appendix 2: Table of attributes 55