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벤치마킹의 탄소감축성과 영향에 관한 연구

A Study on the Carbon Emission Reduction of Benchmarking Performance

호예정 (HU, RUI JING, 경희대학교 일반대학원)

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초록 moremore
Climate changes not only simply lead to environment destruction but gradually affect economic development. Therefore, the global warming has become one issue that human beings need to confront and solve. As we all know, one major cause of global warming is large amount of greenhouse gases emissi...
Climate changes not only simply lead to environment destruction but gradually affect economic development. Therefore, the global warming has become one issue that human beings need to confront and solve. As we all know, one major cause of global warming is large amount of greenhouse gases emissions by mankind to the atmosphere which caused sharp increase of carbon dioxide in the air. By 2010, the emission of global greenhouse gases increased by 78% than 1970 and the climate issues have been increasingly severe. To maximally reduce the negative effects of climate changes, many countries signed The Paris Agreement aiming to continuously reduce greenhouse gases emission in 2015. Later, all governments have issued corresponding carbon emission reduction regulations. Climate changes have caused considerable problems for enterprises. Therefore, it shall implement carbon management with orientation at reducing greenhouse gases emission, which is one approach for the companies to maintain sustainable development under environment changes. Since carbon management is a relatively strange field for companies it may lead to irreversible green mistake if companies didn’t employ the proper strategy. Many factors may affect the formulation of companies’ carbon management strategy and pressures on stakeholders are at the top list. Governments, customers, media, employee and competitors are the most typical representatives of stakeholders (Monica et al., 2012; Henriques & Sadorsky, 1999; Benjeree & Bobby, 2001). However, due to the high risks in investment and uncertainty in carbon management, companies would not make any positive carbon management decisions even though the companies are confronted with pressures from stakeholders (Rugman & Verbeke, 1998; Kolk & Pinkse, 2005). Meanwhile, companies with insufficient capability or resources would apply benchmarking to establish their own carbon management strategies in order to minimize risks and reduce the uncertainty of market. It means these companies would determine their carbon management strategies based on observation of profits of those companies who have implemented carbon management strategies. Nevertheless this interactive imitation or learning activity cannot be explained via stakeholders' concept properly, the benchmarking management theory would demonstrate the phenomenon (Miller, 2004). Benchmarking is also called “baseline management”, which at bottom is to seek for the best practice and keep on “measuring analysis and ongoing improvement” based on the practice thus to realize management innovation and obtainment of competitive advantages. While for reference object of benchmarking management, it means the object that company may refer to as they attempt to identify target with high pertinence under extreme uncertainty of the market. In other words, object of benchmarking management is the exemplary model, achievements of which in business process, manufacturing process, equipment, products and service are the benchmarking for latecomers to imitate and catch up with or surpass. In conclusion, the imitation object of bench-marking management is one stakeholders involved in companies’ carbon management. There are three goals in this paper. First, it aims to explain the impacts of benchmarking management on companies’ carbon management with integration of stakeholders theory and bench-marking management theory thus to enlarge companies’ stakeholders from basic government to imitation objects in bencharking. Second, it divides benchmarking into competitive benchmarking management and Generic Benchmarking while the carbon reduction is divided into emission in production process and emission in use process of final product according to carbon emission channels. It plans to explore the impacts of different imitation objects of benchmarking management on companies’ carbon management achievements. Third, it’s expected to provide reference for governments in formulating emission reduction policies with adequate and positive responses. In this paper, it organizes questionnaire among 1,786 employees of KOSPI company and KOSDAQ company listed on Korean STOCK MARKET PUBLIC. At last, it received 299 questionnaires from phone calls and fax with reply rate of 16.74%. Apart from those invalid questionnaires, the final sampling questionnaires are 296. To have better empirical analysis, the paper verifies the model using multiple regression analysis after the introduction of factor analysis and reliability analysis. The verification results are as below. In competitive benchmarking, direct competition rivals and coordinate competition rivals have no effects on carbon emission reduction in production process. However, the direct competition rivals and coordinate competition rivals in competitive benchmarking would facilitate carbon emission reduction in the use of final products. That’s because the carbon emission reduction effect in the use of final product can be judged from outside. In contrast, in case of Generic Benchmarking, benchmarking in enterprise scale would produce positive effect on the carbon emission reduction in production process. In Generic Benchmarking, enterprise-scale-based benchmarking would promote carbon emission reduction in final products. Finally, it demonstrated the positive impacts of the previously-mentioned government, staff and R&D devotion on carbon emission reduction. On the other hand, the carbon emission reduction in use of final products is mainly affected by its customers since they are the major stakeholders affecting the success of any product. Above all, the paper presents enlightenment from the following four aspects. First, the impact of carbon management on basic stakeholders and enterprises was re examined. And use benchmarking theory to enlarge the interest group of enterprise carbon management. In addition to previous studies, the efficiency of the various relationships has implications for business carbon management. Secondary, it proves the identification of market mechanism in process of promoting carbon management among companies. The analysis results show that benchmarking management mainly affects carbon management in use of final products no matter it’s from same industry or other industries in carbon management. Thus the company may not only tackle with competitive environment-friendly product via bench-marking management but imitate large companies from other industries to produce low-carbon products so as to ensure its current market position. Next, it indicates that companies have positive response towards carbon management. Though it is hard to imitate carbon management via bench-marking management due to its top confidentiality, many more companies would choose carbon management through learning from large companies’ relevant experience and imitating their publicized best practice. Finally, the government can determine different policies in terms of carbon emission channels differences thus to guarantee positive implementation of carbon emission reduction policies. For example, the large-scale companies shall apply carbon emission reduction policy focusing on production process. On the other hand, the identification of carbon emission reduction policy of final product shall be mainly regulated and supported by company benchmarking management from the same industry.
목차 moremore
제 1 장 서론 1
제 1 절 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
제 2 절 연구의 방법 및 범위 5
...
제 1 장 서론 1
제 1 절 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
제 2 절 연구의 방법 및 범위 5

제 2 장 국내 온실가스 배출현황 7

제 3 장 이론적 배경 및 가설설정 11
제 1 절 이해관계자와 탄소경영 11
1. 이해관계자 11
2. 탄소경영 11
3. 이해관계자와 탄소경영의 관계 14
제 2 절 이해관계자로서의 벤치마킹 16
1. 벤치마킹의 정의와 동기, 유형 16
2. 벤치마킹의 과정 21
3. 이해관계자와 벤치마킹의 관계 24
제 3 절 벤치마킹과 탄소경영 26
1. 경쟁적 벤치마킹과 탄소경영간의 관계 27
2. 일반적 벤치마킹과 탄소경영간의 관계 28

제 4 장 연구의 설계 31
제 1 절 연구모형 31
제 2 절 변수의 조작적 정의 및 측정항목 33
1. 탄소감축성과 변수 33
2. 벤치마킹 변수 34
3. 통제변수 35
4. 변수의 측정항목 35
제 3 절 분석데이터 및 분석방법 38
제 5 장 실증분석결과 39
제 1 절 표본의 특성 및 기술통계 분석 39
1. 표본의 특성 39
2. 기술통계 분석결과 40
제 2 절 상관관계 분석결과 41
제 3 절 측정항목의 타당성 및 신뢰성 분석 43
제 4 절 가설의 검증 45
1. 벤치마킹 대상과 제조과정상 탄소감축성과 45
2. 벤치마킹 대상과 최종제품 사용상 탄소감축성과 48

제 6 장 결론 및 시사점 52
제 1 절 결론 요약 52
제 2 절 시사점 54
제 3 절 연구의 한계점 및 향후 연구방향 55

참고문헌 56
ABSTRACT 64